The history of Russian colonization in Alaska

The history of Russian colonization in Alaska

04.11.2019
Russia & More

When did Russia discover Alaska?

Did you know that it took the Russians a lot longer to discover American than it took Columbus? Vitus Bering, a famous navigator and captain, sighted America only in 1741. This was a fortunate discovery for the Russians, as by this time they have already decimated the populations of fur animals in Siberia and needed a new place to hunt animals for fur. Within only two years from the discovery of Alaska by the Russians, they began trading fur with the native population, and shortly after they established their own colony on Kodiak Island. Even though Russian colonies in America were much smaller than those of the British Empire, they were plagued by the same issues with the natives. But the natives were not the only ones unhappy about the new settlers, California and Canada, which was controlled by the British Empire, felt threatened by the new power.

Why did Russia sell Alaska to America?

The Russians had managed to decimate the population of fur animals in Siberia in only 200 years, so you can imagine that it took them even less time to do the same in America, where the British Hudson’s Bay Company was also making money on fur. By the mid-1800s the population of fur animals was severely depleted and the American colony was no longer profitable. This turned out to be the perfect time for the Alaska Purchase, and Alaska was sold to the US for a mere 2 cents per acre. To many people on the American side this seemed like a bad deal, as gold and oil in the new territory would be discovered much later. As you can imagine, the native population of Alaska was not happy about this trade either, as they claimed that the land never belonged to Russia to begin with, so it had no right to sell it. 

What happened to the Russian settlers of Alaska after the sale?

Once the Alaska sale went through on October 18, 1867, most Russians who lived in Alaska moved back to their homes on the mainland via a ship that was provided by the Russian-American Company. However, some people have decided to stay, and there’s a small population of Russians who speak their own Russian dialect in Alaska today. Alaska Day is celebrated every year on October 18 as a small state holiday to commemorate the transfer of Alaska from Russia to the US.

The history of Russian colonization in Alaska
1 4
Russian ancestry search Best Cities to Visit in Russia
Olta service

I have read the Policy of personal data protection of "Olta travel" LLC, accept the conditions and give my consent to the processing of my personal data, namely: the treatment (including collection, systematization, accumulation, storage, clarification (updating, changing) usage, depersonalization, blocking, destruction of personal data), general description of which is given in the Federal law of the Russian Federation of 27.07.2006 № 152-FL and the law of the European Union (European Union Data Protection Framework Directives and The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), in accordance with the ЕС 2016/679).

PRIVACY POLICY ON THE PROCESSING OF PERSONAL DATA


This Policy of personal data processing (hereinafter - the Policy) applies to all data that "OLTA Travel" Co. Ltd (hereinafter – Olta Travel) receives from the visitors of website http://www.oltatravel.com (hereinafter "the Website") and explains how it is processing, stored and how the confidentiality is ensured.

1. Processing and use of personal data.

1.1. In this Policy, personal information means any information left by users on the Website of Olta Travel, including Name, Surname, company, email address and other contact information, left in the message.

1.2. The person who left personal data on the Website of Olta Travel, consents to their use, namely:

1.2.1. The inclusion of the email address, name, surname, company name or any other contact information left in the message in the contact database of Olta Travel. The database is hosted in a secure cloud-based customer relationship management service Bitrix 24, as well as on a secure service for newsletters – Unisender.

1.2.2. Receiving email newsletters with news, promotions, special offers and other useful materials, but no more than twice a week. The visitor of the Website at any time has the right to unsubscribe from the mailing list of Olta Travel, by clicking on the unsubscribe link located at the bottom of each letter.

1.2.3. Direct communication with the manager of Olta travel on the treatment of the user.

1.2.4. The use of contact information to show relevant advertisements to users in social networks and the Internet.

1.2.5. For other purposes performed with the individual consent of the user.

2. The collection, storage and protection of personal data.

2.1. All personal data collected on the Website is processed, stored and secured in strict accordance with the provisions of the legislation of the Russian Federation (Federal law of the Russian Federation of 27 July 2006 № 152-FL "On personal data") and the European Union (The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) (EU) 2016/679).

2.2. Olta Travel is taking the necessary legal, organizational and technical measures to protect personal information from unlawful or accidental access, copying, distribution of personal information, as well as other unlawful actions in relation to personal data of users, which include:

•     secure transfer and storage of personal data on secure servers;

•     automated processing of personal data;

•     identification of possible threats to the security of personal data;

•     limiting the number of persons having access to personal data;

•     application of measures of internal regulation of the procedure of working with personal data (internal regulations for employees of Olta Travel);

•     improving methods of collection, storage and processing of data.

2.3. All data received on the Website of Olta Travel are transmitted via a secure https Protocol and stored on servers in secure, cloud-based customer relationship management service Bitrix 24, as well as in safe service for creating email newsletters Unisender.

3. User rights and obligations of Olta Travel.

3.1. Upon the request from the user Olta Travel should:

•        confirm the fact and methods of storage and processing of personal data of users;

•        inform about the method of obtaining personal data of the user;

•        explain the legal bases, objectives and timing of the processing of personal data;

•        in case of personal data leakage, inform the user about it;

•        make changes or delete users ' personal data from the database to stop storing and processing it;

•        warn about the expected cross-border transfer of personal data.

3.2. The user has the right to request the deletion of his personal data by sending an e-mail to [email protected] as well as the exclusion from the email-mailing by clicking on the "Unsubscribe" button located in the body of each letter.

4. Conditions of termination of processing and storage of personal data:

•       company liquidation;

•       a written request for withdrawal of consent or exclusion from the database;

•       at the request of the user, if the data were obtained illegally.

5. Olta Travel is not responsible for information posted by a visitor on the third party websites, links to which can be posted on the Website of Olta Travel.

6. More information about the collection, storage and processing of personal data by Olta Travel, the user may get by sending an email to [email protected]