Moscow Red Square todayRed Square is probably the first thing that comes to mind when you think of Russia or Moscow in particular. This place is more than just a symbol of Russia’s capital, it is a place of great historical meaning. The Red Square is, in fact, the biggest and the most popular squares in the whole Russia Federation. There are always a lot of people, taking pictures, listening to the tour guides and enjoying the beauty of the scenery.
Red Square is also important for government purposes. Here you can see the Kremlin, the State History Museum, Lenin's Mausoleum and of course, St Basil’s Cathedral. These buildings represent the beautiful architecture of the 16th century. The biggest and the most expensive department store, GUM is also located here.
Red Square is an actual downtown of Moscow and a symbolic center of Russia, all of the main streets somehow start from here.
History of Red Square in MoscowRed Square started its history in the 1490s with the new red-brick Kremlin building in 15 century Moscow.The east side of the most important for the government building was vulnerable to the attacks since it wasn’t protected by any natural barriers. Thus, it was decided to clear this area outside the walls to create a field of fire for shooting, which resulted in what we know as the Red Square today. It used to be the biggest market in the country, where people from all around the country would come to trade their goods and buy something exquisite. All the important government announcements happened here, right from the Kremlin. Many important public and traditional events and fests also took place on Red Square. Revolutions were happening here, many people were killed, many Russian leaders were ruling the country from here. Red Square played an important part in the Russian Revolution, whose leader Vladimir Lenin was even buried here in Lenin's Mausoleum.
Russian Red Square in the 20th centuryDespite all the political regime changes, two world wars, and everything Russia had to go through in the last 100 years, Red Square didn't change much in the last century. It’s still as breathtaking and magnificent as it was before. All its significant buildings like The Kremlin, St Basil’s Cathedral, the State History Museum and GUM weren’t destroyed during 20th-century events, and still attract millions of tourists from around the world every year.
Red Square has appeared much earlier than any communist movement in Russia. Its name has actually nothing to do with Communism or Soviet Russia. In Russian etymology, the words “red” and “beautiful” can actually be synonymous. So referring to this square as to Red Square means “Beautiful Square".
There is no way you can visit Moscow and not see Red Square! It’s totally a must-see sight in Russia. In fact, no one will believe that you visited Moscow until you show some pictures from Red Square (just kidding, of course, unless..). Anyway, visit the Red Square with your Moscow tour guide to learn many more interesting facts about this fascinating place.
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