Mariinsky Theater in St. Petersburg, Russia

Mariinsky Theater in St. Petersburg, Russia

12.05.2019
Saint-Petersburg

Early history of ballet in St. Petersburg

Even though Mariinsky Theater in St. Petersburg was not constructed and opened until 1862, the history of opera and ballet in the city began almost 80 years earlier when the Imperial Ballet and Opera Theatre first began operating in 1783. Since there was no permanent ballet house in St. Petersburg at the time, the ballet company performed on different stages around the city, including Maly Theater and Kamenniy Theater, the site of the latter now houses the Rimsky-Korsakov State Conservatory and the modern Mariinsky Theater is located right across from it. 

The Kamenniy Theater was constructed by Antonio Rinaldi and then remodeled and enlarged several times by Thomas de Thomon and Alberto Cavos. 

In 1845 a travelling circus lead by Alessandro Guerra came to tour in St. Petersburg and the city’s population instantly fell in love with the art of circus, which they have not seen before. Driven by this success Guerra convinced city authorities to construct a new wooden building to house the circus permanently, the new building was built across from the Kamennyi Theater, which would later become the location of the Mariinsky Theater. After a few years of the new circus’s operation, emperor Nicholas I recognized the popularity of circus art in the city and ordered to create the Cirque de la Direction des Theatres Imperiaux, which was lead by the world-famous artist Paul Cuzent from the Paris Circus. 

In 1847 the old circus building was demolished and in 1849 the new building created by architect Alberto Cavos was opened to the public. This was a luxurious building decorated with crystal chandeliers, frescoes and gilded wall decor that combined both a circus ring and a stage under the same roof. After the new building was opened Cuzent experimented with various types of performances but they were not well-received by the public and the circus director soon resigned, which caused the popularity of the Imperial Circus to decline further. The building soon began housing mostly performances by the Russian Opera Company. The building eventually came into disrepair and burnt down in 1859. 

The new Mariinsky Theatre building

The current building of Mariinsky theater was designed by architect Cavos and named after Empress Maria Alexandrovna, the wife of Tsar Alexander II. The design of the new building recreated some elements and the neoclassical style of the old circus building but with some improvements, like an increased height. Some of the original design elements that remain in the theater today include a ceiling mural by Entico Franciolli called a Clock with Cupids and a magnificent chandelier. Upon its opening the Theater and the Russian Opera Company became wildly popular with the public. 

The Imperial Ballet Company made its final move to the Mariinsky Theater from the Kamenniy Theater across the road in 1886. Marius Petipa became Premier Maitre de Ballet of the company and his masterpieces, the Nutcracker, the Sleeping Beauty and Swan Lake were performed on stage of the Mariinsky Theater for the first time ever. The theater underwent renovations several times under architect Victor Schroter and the famous stage curtain of the theater was designed and put in place in 1914.

Even though the theater was renamed after a party official Sergey Kirov in the Soviet times, the theater remained well-regarded around the world and maintained its artistic glory till today. 
Mariinsky Theater in St. Petersburg, Russia
1 4
Weather in St. Petersburg, Russia in different seasons 5 must-see art museums in St. Petersburg, Russia
Olta service

I have read the Policy of personal data protection of "Olta travel" LLC, accept the conditions and give my consent to the processing of my personal data, namely: the treatment (including collection, systematization, accumulation, storage, clarification (updating, changing) usage, depersonalization, blocking, destruction of personal data), general description of which is given in the Federal law of the Russian Federation of 27.07.2006 № 152-FL and the law of the European Union (European Union Data Protection Framework Directives and The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), in accordance with the ЕС 2016/679).

PRIVACY POLICY ON THE PROCESSING OF PERSONAL DATA


This Policy of personal data processing (hereinafter - the Policy) applies to all data that "OLTA Travel" Co. Ltd (hereinafter – Olta Travel) receives from the visitors of website http://www.oltatravel.com (hereinafter "the Website") and explains how it is processing, stored and how the confidentiality is ensured.

1. Processing and use of personal data.

1.1. In this Policy, personal information means any information left by users on the Website of Olta Travel, including Name, Surname, company, email address and other contact information, left in the message.

1.2. The person who left personal data on the Website of Olta Travel, consents to their use, namely:

1.2.1. The inclusion of the email address, name, surname, company name or any other contact information left in the message in the contact database of Olta Travel. The database is hosted in a secure cloud-based customer relationship management service Bitrix 24, as well as on a secure service for newsletters – Unisender.

1.2.2. Receiving email newsletters with news, promotions, special offers and other useful materials, but no more than twice a week. The visitor of the Website at any time has the right to unsubscribe from the mailing list of Olta Travel, by clicking on the unsubscribe link located at the bottom of each letter.

1.2.3. Direct communication with the manager of Olta travel on the treatment of the user.

1.2.4. The use of contact information to show relevant advertisements to users in social networks and the Internet.

1.2.5. For other purposes performed with the individual consent of the user.

2. The collection, storage and protection of personal data.

2.1. All personal data collected on the Website is processed, stored and secured in strict accordance with the provisions of the legislation of the Russian Federation (Federal law of the Russian Federation of 27 July 2006 № 152-FL "On personal data") and the European Union (The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) (EU) 2016/679).

2.2. Olta Travel is taking the necessary legal, organizational and technical measures to protect personal information from unlawful or accidental access, copying, distribution of personal information, as well as other unlawful actions in relation to personal data of users, which include:

•     secure transfer and storage of personal data on secure servers;

•     automated processing of personal data;

•     identification of possible threats to the security of personal data;

•     limiting the number of persons having access to personal data;

•     application of measures of internal regulation of the procedure of working with personal data (internal regulations for employees of Olta Travel);

•     improving methods of collection, storage and processing of data.

2.3. All data received on the Website of Olta Travel are transmitted via a secure https Protocol and stored on servers in secure, cloud-based customer relationship management service Bitrix 24, as well as in safe service for creating email newsletters Unisender.

3. User rights and obligations of Olta Travel.

3.1. Upon the request from the user Olta Travel should:

•        confirm the fact and methods of storage and processing of personal data of users;

•        inform about the method of obtaining personal data of the user;

•        explain the legal bases, objectives and timing of the processing of personal data;

•        in case of personal data leakage, inform the user about it;

•        make changes or delete users ' personal data from the database to stop storing and processing it;

•        warn about the expected cross-border transfer of personal data.

3.2. The user has the right to request the deletion of his personal data by sending an e-mail to [email protected] as well as the exclusion from the email-mailing by clicking on the "Unsubscribe" button located in the body of each letter.

4. Conditions of termination of processing and storage of personal data:

•       company liquidation;

•       a written request for withdrawal of consent or exclusion from the database;

•       at the request of the user, if the data were obtained illegally.

5. Olta Travel is not responsible for information posted by a visitor on the third party websites, links to which can be posted on the Website of Olta Travel.

6. More information about the collection, storage and processing of personal data by Olta Travel, the user may get by sending an email to [email protected]