Your guide to Russian Orthodox Lent

Your guide to Russian Orthodox Lent

Russia & More

What is the Orthodox Lent?

The Orthodox branch of Christianity has several periods of fasting, or lents, during the year. The strictest and longest lent of the year is the Great Lent, which is held for 40 days, ending on Easter. During this lent, people take the time to get ready for the feast of the Resurrection of Christ, which is held on Easter. Even though this is the strictest lent in Orthodox Christianity, it is not perceived as a time of self-sacrifice. Instead, people try to take joy in purifying themselves through fasting. 

When is Orthodox Lent, when does Orthodox Lent start?

Since the date when Easter is celebrated changes every year, the dates of the Great Lent also change every year so the Lent can start 40 days before Easter. 

What are the limitations of the Great Orthodox Lent?

We’ve mentioned previously that this lent is strict, but what are the limitations that people are expected to follow? The most prominent part of the lent is the fasting part - people are expected to give up all animal products, including meat, eggs and dairy. There are certain other limitations on different days of the fast and on some days, in turn, certain animal products are allowed. 

During the Great Lent in Orthodox Christianity, the Eucharistic feast is not presented on weekdays to remind those who obey the feast about the separation of man from God. On the other hand, Holy Communion is presented each Friday and Wednesday evening during the 40 days of the Great Lent. The Communion is presented in the form of the Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts, which means that Host and wine served during this Communion have to have been blessed during a Eucharistic Liturgy held on previous days. As mentioned above, the Eucharistic feast is omitted on weekdays, but it is still held on Saturday and Sunday as a part of the Divine Liturgy. 

Sundays of the Russian Orthodox Easter Lent

Each Sunday of the forty-day Great Lent has its own name and meaning. The first Sunday of the feast is called the Feast of the Triumph of Orthodoxy. On this day people celebrate the victory over the heresy of iconoclasm, which believed icons were graven images and, therefore, sinful. The second Sunday of the Great Orthodox Lent commemorates St. Gregory Palamas, who preached a way for humans to become divine by obeying lent, playing and through the grace of God. The next Sunday of the Russian Great Lent is all about Jesus Christ’s ordeal on the Cross and his suffering for our sins. The fourth Sunday of Lent celebrates St, John of the Ladder, an abbot who lived during the 6th century and the author of The Ladder of Divine Ascent, a work that discusses the problems a Christian faces in life and teaches to face them with hope. The last Sunday of Lent before Easter is dedicated to St. Mary, the repentant harlot. Her story teaches believers that they can become one with God through repentance no matter how terrible their past actions are. 
Your guide to Russian Orthodox Lent
1 4
3 crazy old Russian units of measurement
Olta service

I have read the Policy of personal data protection of "Olta travel" LLC, accept the conditions and give my consent to the processing of my personal data, namely: the treatment (including collection, systematization, accumulation, storage, clarification (updating, changing) usage, depersonalization, blocking, destruction of personal data), general description of which is given in the Federal law of the Russian Federation of 27.07.2006 № 152-FL and the law of the European Union (European Union Data Protection Framework Directives and The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), in accordance with the ЕС 2016/679).


This Policy of personal data processing (hereinafter - the Policy) applies to all data that "OLTA Travel" Co. Ltd (hereinafter – Olta Travel) receives from the visitors of website (hereinafter "the Website") and explains how it is processing, stored and how the confidentiality is ensured.

1. Processing and use of personal data.

1.1. In this Policy, personal information means any information left by users on the Website of Olta Travel, including Name, Surname, company, email address and other contact information, left in the message.

1.2. The person who left personal data on the Website of Olta Travel, consents to their use, namely:

1.2.1. The inclusion of the email address, name, surname, company name or any other contact information left in the message in the contact database of Olta Travel. The database is hosted in a secure cloud-based customer relationship management service Bitrix 24, as well as on a secure service for newsletters – Unisender.

1.2.2. Receiving email newsletters with news, promotions, special offers and other useful materials, but no more than twice a week. The visitor of the Website at any time has the right to unsubscribe from the mailing list of Olta Travel, by clicking on the unsubscribe link located at the bottom of each letter.

1.2.3. Direct communication with the manager of Olta travel on the treatment of the user.

1.2.4. The use of contact information to show relevant advertisements to users in social networks and the Internet.

1.2.5. For other purposes performed with the individual consent of the user.

2. The collection, storage and protection of personal data.

2.1. All personal data collected on the Website is processed, stored and secured in strict accordance with the provisions of the legislation of the Russian Federation (Federal law of the Russian Federation of 27 July 2006 № 152-FL "On personal data") and the European Union (The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) (EU) 2016/679).

2.2. Olta Travel is taking the necessary legal, organizational and technical measures to protect personal information from unlawful or accidental access, copying, distribution of personal information, as well as other unlawful actions in relation to personal data of users, which include:

•     secure transfer and storage of personal data on secure servers;

•     automated processing of personal data;

•     identification of possible threats to the security of personal data;

•     limiting the number of persons having access to personal data;

•     application of measures of internal regulation of the procedure of working with personal data (internal regulations for employees of Olta Travel);

•     improving methods of collection, storage and processing of data.

2.3. All data received on the Website of Olta Travel are transmitted via a secure https Protocol and stored on servers in secure, cloud-based customer relationship management service Bitrix 24, as well as in safe service for creating email newsletters Unisender.

3. User rights and obligations of Olta Travel.

3.1. Upon the request from the user Olta Travel should:

•        confirm the fact and methods of storage and processing of personal data of users;

•        inform about the method of obtaining personal data of the user;

•        explain the legal bases, objectives and timing of the processing of personal data;

•        in case of personal data leakage, inform the user about it;

•        make changes or delete users ' personal data from the database to stop storing and processing it;

•        warn about the expected cross-border transfer of personal data.

3.2. The user has the right to request the deletion of his personal data by sending an e-mail to [email protected] as well as the exclusion from the email-mailing by clicking on the "Unsubscribe" button located in the body of each letter.

4. Conditions of termination of processing and storage of personal data:

•       company liquidation;

•       a written request for withdrawal of consent or exclusion from the database;

•       at the request of the user, if the data were obtained illegally.

5. Olta Travel is not responsible for information posted by a visitor on the third party websites, links to which can be posted on the Website of Olta Travel.

6. More information about the collection, storage and processing of personal data by Olta Travel, the user may get by sending an email to [email protected]